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"Multum in Parvo" - a lot of dog in a
small space, is a very apt description for the Pug. One of the oldest breeds, this
endearing little dog has its origins in the Orient although just when and how it came into
existence is shrouded in mystery.
This breed, as it was first shown in 1861, was always fawn in color; a
cross-breeding with some black Pugs imported from China in 1877 introduced the darker
shades into the breed. The Pug has not changed very much from the first standard, which
was written in the early 1880s.
The exact origin of the Pug is unknown but and
object of speculation. One theory suggests that the breed dates back to Egyptian times.
Yet, another suggests that it came about as the result from cross-breedings of small
bulldogs. However, the most likely theory is that the Pug is a larger, smooth-coated
cousin to the Oriental Pekinese. Since the time of William the Orange in the late 1600s,
the Pug has been a popular royal companion and fanciers suggest the name comes from the
Olde English word "pugg" which meant "someone dearly loved."
By the 1800s, the breed was especially popular
with women, as they were easily carried and made wonderful companions. Many Victorian
pottery and porcelain likenesses of the Pug come to us from this time.
Height: 10 - 11" (25.4 -
Weight: 14 - 18 lbs (6.2 - 8
Coat Type: The short coat is
sleek, smooth and soft to the touch. Colors are silver or apricot-fawn with black markings
on the face. The tail is often of the "screw" type and very active when the
little Pug is happy.
Temperament: The Pug is an
endearing friend who enjoys human companionship. He is eager to please and is easily
trained. This dog does well as a town or country pet. He does not need very much exercise,
unless he starts to become obese.
Special Interest: An alert
little Pug saved the life of Prince William of Orange. The dog's insistent barking woke
the sleeping Prince and warned of the approach of invading Spaniards. The Pug was
recognized as the court's official dog and the Prince's tomb bears an engraving of William
and his beloved pet.
AKC: Group 5 - Toys
CKC: Group 5 - Toys
KC: Non-Sporting - Toys
FCI: Group 9
ANKC: Group 1 - Toy
View Pug Sculpture
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